When considering a mortgage bond from a bank to buy your dream house you may find yourself bogged down in a swamp of legal terms and bureaucratic mumbo jumbo. Not everything is as straight forward as your bond calculator.
The Bank’s assessment of a Buyer’s ability to afford monthly instalments based on their income.
The amount payable by the Seller to the agent for work done on marketing and selling a property. This is a percentage of the selling price.
The price at which the Seller is offering their property for sale.
A certificate issued confirming that a structure is free of wood borer or termite infestation. This is a legal requirement when selling.
A lending agreement between a Buyer and the Bank. The legal bond document states that the Bank will lend an amount of money in the form of a bond.
Online software used to calculate estimated repayments on a bond. Input data is required, for example the desired monthly price. The sales price is then automatically adjusted enabling the user to appraise his/her position in the market place.
Bond Cancellation Cost
Costs accrued during the cancellation of a bond. These include an Attorney’s registration fee and a Deeds Office fee.
The Attorney who attends to the cancellation of the Seller’s bond and is appointed by the Bank with whom the current mortgage bond is held.
A tax charged for the transfer of property from the Seller to the Buyer.
A Conveyancing Attorney will attend to Deed Office transactions such as the transfer of a property from a Seller to a Buyer.
Cooling Off Period
The 5-day period after the Offer to Purchase has been signed during which the Buyer of a property has the right to cancel this agreement.
A detailed score card of an individual’s credit history prepared by an official credit bureau. This report will determine your risk as a borrower.
A ratio which shows a Buyer’s monthly payment obligation to debts and which is divided by gross monthly income to ensure affordability.
The Estate Agent is a person who is authorised to act as an agent for the sale of land or the valuation, management, or lease of property.
The Financial Intelligence Centre Act, 2001 was formed to regulate money laundering and requires valid information to be presented to the Bank.
An agreement between the Buyer and a Bank, where the Bank lends the Buyer money in order to purchase property.
Home owners Insurance
An insurance policy that covers your house (structure and property) in the event of damage or loss.
The monthly amount paid to the lender as part of the total home loan amount. Instalments run for the entire duration of the agreed term.
A percentage interest is added onto the amount of money borrowed from a Bank. This amount is fixed for a period and is based on the amount of money borrowed.
Someone who acts as an intermediary between the Buyer and a Bank, for the purposes of arranging a home loan.
Taxes paid to the municipality by property owners.
This is your yearly income after taxes.
A charge applied to the Seller for occupying the property after registration has taken place or to the Buyer for occupying the property before the registration has taken place.
Offer to Purchase
A legally binding document signed by the Buyer and Seller stating the agreement of the sale and its conditions.
A document issued on a monthly basis by your employer as proof of your monthly income.
When ownership of a property legally changes hands from Seller to Buyer, through registration of the property at the Deeds Office.
The amount paid for the purchase of a property as set out in the Offer to Purchase agreement. This can be worked out retroactively by using a bond calculator.
Someone who meets a Bank’s requirements of affordability and has qualified for a home loan.
The Attorney who attends to the registration of the new bond into the name of the Buyer.
The number of months allocated to pay off a home loan. The maximum repayment term is 30 years. This can be easily calculated with a bond calculator.
An entire property of flats or townhouses. The property is divided into individual units and sold separately and runs under a Body Corporate.
Subject to Sale
When a sale of a house becomes binding and unconditional then certain conditions are met, such as bond approval.
The legal document which states ownership of a property. The Title Deed is filed at the Deeds Office and contains details of the property.
Services provided by the government for your use at home. Utilities include: water, electricity, telephone service and other essentials.
Refers to a property sold “as is”. After a sale of property, a Seller is not liable for defects following a reasonable inspection of the property.
Print this list out and keep it handy when those terms start flying around that you’re not too familiar with. Remember to refer to your bond calculator as the figures start coming at you. With both your bond calculator and your glossary of terms you’re all set to go house hunting.